Kazakhstan, being the world's 9th biggest country is very economically advanced, due to its abundant rserves of oil and other valuable minerals. This inherently brings better standards of living, accomodation, transport then anywhere else in Asia. The biggest city, Almaty, is almost reminiscent of Europe with its leafy avenues, chic cafes, glossy shopping centres and hedonistic nightlife. The capital Astana, on the windswept northern steppe, has been transformed into a 21st-century showpiece with a profusion of bold futuristic architecture. But it's beyond the cities that you'll find the greatest travel adventures.